Logo of nature.ca - Canadian Museum of Nature.
Logo of Natural History Notebooks.
Button: Home. Button: Resources. Button: Notebooks A-Z.
Button: Français.
Home > Birds > Kirtland's Warbler Next
Text: Birds.
Kirtland's Warbler
Photo: Kirtland's Warbler, Dendroica kirtlandii.
Kirtland's Warbler, Dendroica kirtlandii
More Images »

Where are they found? North America

Map of the world.

The Kirtland's Warbler is a rare visitor to Canada, known to nest only in Ontario and the United States, and to winter in the Bahamas. The species nests on the ground, in the dense undergrowth of young jack-pine groves. The nesting conditions required by the Kirtland's Warbler appear about 10 years after a forest fire and remain for only a few years, until the new trees shade out the undergrowth.

In order to protect the nesting grounds of this species, federal, state and private agencies in the United States cooperated to establish four reserves in the jack-pine country of central Michigan. There, management through controlled burning aims to ensure successions of young forests and the continued existence of nesting grounds for the remaining population.

Such conservation actions have had some success: suitable habitat doubled between 1987 and 1990, and by 1994 the number of singing males had exceeded 500.

Both sexes are generally 14 to 15 cm (5 to 6 in.) long.

More Images
Photo: Kirtland's Warbler, Dendroica kirtlandii. Photo: Kirtland's Warbler, Dendroica kirtlandii.

Looking for photos?

The Canadian Museum of Nature has thousands of unique images reflecting the diversity of the natural world—including the photos and illustrations here in our Natural History NotebooksContact us to learn more!

To cite this page for personal use:
“Kirtland's Warbler”. [Online]. Natural History Notebooks. Canadian Museum of Nature.
Last updated (Web site consulted

Button: Mammals. Photo: Lion (Panthera leo). Button: Birds. Photo: Golden Eagle (Aquila chrysaetos).
Button: Fish. Photo: Brown trout (Salmo trutta). Button: Reptiles. Photo: Komodo dragon (Varanus komodensis).
Button: Amphibians. Photo: Bullfrog (Lithobates catesbeiana). Button: Invertebrates. Photo: House fly (Musca domestica).
Button: Dinosaurs. Illustration: Tyrannosaurus rex. Archive slide: S71-116. Button: Prehistoric. Illustration: Muskox (Ovibos moschatus).
Button: Navigate the World. Illustration: Map of the world.

Reproduction Rights    Credits    Explore Nature!    Comments or Questions?

Next Previous Next Previous