Research Assistant, Palaeobiology

Scott Rufolo

Contact Information

Tel: 613.566.4771
Fax: 613.364.4027

Trained in both palaeontology and archaeology, Scott Rufolo supports the museum's curatorial and research endeavours regarding past life, ranging from the distant ages of deep geologic time up to the more recent periods of the human record.


  • Zooarchaeology.
  • Archaeology of Bronze Age Syria.
  • Arctic archaeology.
  • Mammalian palaeontology.
  • Fossil preparation.


  • Ph.D., Near Eastern Archaeology and Zooarchaeology, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 2011.
  • M.A., Near Eastern Studies, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA, 2003.
  • M.Phil., Museum Studies and Heritage Management, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, 2000.
  • M.S., Palaeontology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA, 1998.
  • B.A., Geological Sciences and Anthropology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA, 1994.


Scott Rufolo's association with the Canadian Museum of Nature began when he was a graduate student. He used the osteology reference collection to analyze some 40 000 animal specimens from Syria dating back to the Early Bronze Age. Following completion of his degree and a post-doctoral appointment in Germany, Scott volunteered as a fossil preparator with the museum until being hired part-time to prepare fossils and help manage the Nunavut archaeological collection that is housed at the museum. In 2014, he happily joined the full-time ranks of the Palaeobiology Section as a Research Assistant.

In addition to continuing his duties overseeing the Nunavut archaeological material, Scott supports a research programme focused on better understanding the Late Cretaceous ecosystems of southern Alberta, and a research collaboration in East Africa to investigate the contribution and importance of fish to the diet and brain evolution of our early human ancestors.

Professional Services

  • Zooarchaeological identification and training


Refereed Journal Papers

Lemoine, X., Zeder, M.A., Bishop, K.J. and Rufolo, S.J. (In press). A New System for Computing Dentition-Based Age Profiles in Sus scrofa. Journal of Archaeological Science.

Zeder, M.A., Bar-Oz, G., Rufolo, S.J. and Hole, F. 2013. New Perspectives on the Use of Kites in Mass-Kills of Levantine Gazelle: A View from Northeastern Syria. Quaternary International 297: 110–125.

Chippindale, C., de Jongh, J., Flood, J. and Rufolo, S.J. 2000. Stratigraphy, Harris Matrices, and Relative Dating of Australian Rock-Art. Antiquity 74 (284): 285–286.

Refereed Book Chapters

Rufolo, S.J. (In press). New Thoughts on the Role of the Middle Khabur (Syria) in the Urbanization of Northern Mesopotamia in the Early Bronze Age. In Mashkour, M. and Beech, M. (eds.). Archaeozoology of the Near East IX: Proceedings of the Ninth International Symposium on the Archaeozoology of Southwestern Asia and Adjacent Areas. Oxbow: Oxford, England, UK.

Rufolo, S.J. (In press). The Faunal Remains. In Curvers, H. and Schwartz, G. M. (eds.). Tell al-Raqa'i: A Third Millennium B.C. Rural Site in the Middle Khabur Valley, Syria. Cotsen Institute of Archaeology: Los Angeles, California, USA.

Miller, K.G., Rufolo, S.J., Sugarman, P.J., Pekar, S.F., Browning, J.V. and Gwynn, D.W. 1997. Early to Middle Miocene Sequences, Systems Tracts, and Benthic Foraminiferal Biofacies, New Jersey Coastal Plain. In Miller, K. G., and Snyder, S. W. (eds.). Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, 150X. Ocean Drilling Program: College Station, Texas, USA. Pp. 169-186.