Research Scientist, Palaeobiology

Xiao-chun Wu.

Contact Information

Email: xcwu@mus-nature.ca
Tel: 613.364.4035
Fax: 613.364.4027

Xiao-chun Wu studies fossil reptiles across Canada and China.

Specialties

  • Evolutionary morphology, form and function, systematic biology of Mesozoic terrestrial and marine fossil reptiles, especially diapsids.

Education

  • Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Calgary, 1996–1999.
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, The Royal Ontario Museum and University of Toronto, 1994–1995.
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology and University of Calgary, 1991–1993.
  • Ph.D., McGill University, Montreal, Canada, 1991.
  • M.Sc., The Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China, 1984.
  • Undergraduate study, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China, 1975.

Chun Li © Chun Li

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Searching for marine reptiles from the Triassic limestone in southwestern Guizhou province, China (2006).

Profile

Xiao-chun Wu and his collaborators have discovered countless dinosaur and other reptilian fossils that include specimens of horned dinosaurs, bird-like feathered dinosaurs, primitive crocodiles, fossils of marine reptiles (including one with more than five digits and another that was pregnant), semi-aquatic archosaurs and a primitive turtle. By studying these discoveries, Xiao-chun researches how dinosaurs evolved into birds, how ancient aquatic reptiles and bird-like dinosaurs reproduced, and the early evolution of crocodiles and turtles.

Xiao-chun's research also examines the family trees of dinosaurs and other reptiles that lived 65–250 million years ago that gave rise to birds, crocodiles, marine reptiles and lizards. He is a Research Associate with the Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology (Alberta), and the Institute of Paleontology and Paleoanthropology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. His research has been published in the world's leading scientific journals such as Science and Nature, and he co-authored the books The Gross Anatomy of Alligator sinensis Fauvel and The Chinese Fossil Reptiles and Their Kin.

Main Research Projects

Professional Services

  • Member of the Editorial Board, Vertebrata PalAsiatica.
  • Research Associate, The Royal Tyrrell Museum of Palaeontology.
  • Research Associate, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • Member of Society of Vertebrate Paleontology.
  • Member of Paleontological Association of China

Recent Publications

Wu, X.-c., L.-j. Zhao, T. Sato, S.-x. Gu and X.-s. Jin. 2015. A new specimen of Hupehsuchus nanchangensis Young, 1972 (Diapsida, Hupehsuchia) from the Triassic of Hubei, China. Historical Biology, 28:42–51.

Wu, X.-c. & D. B. Brinkman, 2015. A new crocodylian (Eusuchia) from the uppermost Cretaceous of Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 52:590–607.

Xu, L., X.-c. Wu, J.-c. Lu, S.-h. Jia, J.-m. Zhang, H.-y. Pu & X.-l. Zhang. 2015. A new lizard (Lepidosauria: Squamata) from the Upper Cretaceous of Henan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica, 88:1041–1050.

Cheng, X.-h., Chen, L., Shang, Q.-h. & Wu, X.-c.. 2014. A new marine reptile from the Triassic of China, with a highly specialized feeding adaptation. Naturwissenschaften, 101:251–259.

Sato, T., Zhao, L-j., Wu, X-.c. & Li, C. 2014. N new specimen of the Triassic pistosauroid Yunguisaurus, with implications for the origin of Plesiosauria (Reptilia, Sauropterygia). Palaeontology, 57:55–76.

Sato, T., Cheng, Y.-n., Wu, X.-c. & H.-y. Shan. 2014. Diandongosaurus acutidentatus Shang, Wu & Li, 2011 (Diapsida: Sauropterygia) and the relationships of Chinese eosauropterygians. Geological Magazine, 151(1):121–133.

Li, C., Jiang, D.-Y., Cheng, L. Wu, X.-c., & Rieppel, O. 2014. A new species of Largocephalosaurus (Diapsida: Saurosphargidae), with implications for the morphological diversity and phylogeny of the group. Geological Magazine, 151(1):100–120.

Wang, R.-f., Xu, S.-c., Wu, X.-c., & Wang, S.-z. 2013. A new specimen of Shansisuchus shansisuchus Young, 1964 (Diapsida: Archosauriformes) from the Triassic of Shanxi, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 87: 1185‑1197. (Corresponding author)

Sato, T., Cheng, Y.-n., Wu, X.-c., & Shan, H.-y. 2013. Diandongosaurus acutidentatus Shang, Wu & Li, 2011 (Diapsida: Sauropterygia) and the relationships of Chinese eosauropterygians. Geol. Mag.: page 1-13. doi:10.1017/S0016756813000356

Sato, T., Zhao, L.-j., Wu, X.-c. & Li, C. 2013. A new specimen of the Triassic pistosauroid Yunguisaurus, with implications for the origin of Plesiosauria (Reptilia, Sauropterygia). Palaeontology 2013:1–22.

Li, C., Jiang, D.-Y., Cheng, L. Wu, W.-c., & Rieppel, O. 2013. A new species of Largocephalosaurus (Diapsida: Saurosphargidae), with implications for the morphological diversity and phylogeny of the group. Geol. Mag.: page 1-21. doi:10.1017/S001675681300023X (Corresponding author)

Shan, Hsi-yin, Cheng, Yen-nien and Wu, X.-c. 2013. The first fossil skull of Alligator sinensis from the Pleistocene, Taiwan, with a paleogeographic implication of the species. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 69:17–25.

Li, Chun, X.-c. Wu, Li-jun Zhao, Tamaki Sato, and Li-ting Wang. 2012. A new archosaur (Diapsida, Archosauriformes) from the marine Triassic of China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 36(5):1064–1081. (Corresponding author)

Cheng, Yen-nien, X.-c. Wu, Tamaki Sato, and Hsi-yin Shan. 2012. A new Eosauropterygian (Diapsida, Sauropterygia) from the Triassic of China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 36(6):1335-1349. (Corresponding author)

Wu, X.-c., Yen-nien Cheng, Chun Li, Li-jun Zhao, and Tamaki Sato. 2011. New information on Wumengosaurus delicatomandibularis Jiang et al., 2008 (Diapsida: Sauropterygia), with a revision of the osteology and phylogeny of the taxon. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31: 70-83.

Sato, Tamaki and X.-c. Wu. 2011. Braincase of a Polycotylid Plesiosaur (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) from the Upper Cretaceous of Manitoba, Canada. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31: 313-329.

Shang, Qing-hua, X.-c. Wu, and Chun Li. 2011. A new eosauropterygian from Middle Triassic of eastern Yunnan Province, southwestern China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 49: 155-171.

Li, Chun, Olivier Rieppel, X.-c. Wu, Li-jun Zhao, and Li-ting Wang. 2011. A new Triassic marine reptile from southwestern China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31: 303-312.

Sato, Tamaki, Yen-nien Cheng, X.-c. Wu, and Chun Li. 2010. Osteology of Yunguisaurus Cheng et al, 2006 (Reptilia; Sauropterygia), a Triassic pistosauroid from China. Paleontological Research 14: 179-195.

Ji, Qing, X.-c. Wu, and Cheng, Y.-n. 2010. Cretaceous choristoderan reptiles gave birth of living young. Naturwissenschaften, DOI 10.1007/s00114-008-0364-1. (Corresponding author)

Shan, H.-y., Wu, X.-c., Cheng, Y.-n., & Sato. T. 2009. A new tomistomine (Crocodylia) from the Miocene of Taiwan. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 46: 529-555. (corresponding author)

Zhao, L.-j., Sato, T., Li, C., Liu, J., and X.-c. Wu. 2009. The new specimen of Miodentosaurus brevis, Cheng et al., 2007. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 48: 1-10. (Corresponding author)

Wu, X.-c., P. Currie, Z.-m. Dong, S.-g. Pang, & T. Wang. 2009. A new theropod dinosaur from the Middle Jurassic of Lufeng, Yunnan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 83: 9-24.

Cheng, Y.-n., Holmes, R., Wu, X.-c., & Alfonso, N. 2009. Sexual dimorphism and life history of Keichousaurus hui (Reptilia: Sauropterygia). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29: 401-408.

Cheng, Y.-n., Holmes, R., Wu, X.-c. and Alfonso, N. (2009). Sexual Dimorphism and Life History of Keichousaurus hui (Reptilia: Sauropterygia). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29: 401-408.

Wu, X.-c., Cheng, Y.-n., Sato, T. and Shan, His-yin. (2009). Miodentosaurus brevis Cheng et al., 2007 (Diapsida: Thalattosauria): Its Postcranial Skeleton and Phylogenetic Relationships. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 47(1): 1-20.

Wu, X.-c., Currie, P.J., Dong, Z., Pan, S. and Wang T. (2009). A New Theropod Dinosaur from the Middle Jurassic of Lufeng, Yunnan, China. Acta Geologica Sinica 83(1): 9-24.

Cheng, Y.-n., Ji, Q., and Wu, X.-c. (2008). Oviraptorosaurian Eggs (Dinosauria) with Embryonic Skeleton Discovered for the First Time in China. Acta Geologica Sinica 82(6): 1089-1094.

Holmes, R., Cheng, Y.-n. and Wu, X.-c. (2008). New Information on the Skull of Keichousaurus hui (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) with Comments on Sauropterygian Interrelationships. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28: 76-94.

Li, J.-l. and Wu, X.-c. (2008). Crocodylomorpha. pp 182-210 In Li, J.-l., Wu, X.-c. and Zhang, F.-c. (eds), The Chinese Fossil Reptilians and Their Kins. Science Press, Beijing, 474 pp.

Li, C., Wu, X.-c., Rieppel, O., Wang L.-t., and Zhao, L.-j. (2008). An Ancestral Turtle from the Late Triassic of Southwestern China. Nature 456: 497-501.

Li, J.-l. and Wu, X.-c. and Zhang, F.-c. (eds.) (2008). The Chinese Fossil Reptiles and Their Kins. Science Press, Beijing, 474 pp.

Lü, J.-c., Ji, S.-a, Dong, Z.-m. and Wu, X.-c. (2008). An Upper Cretaceous Lizard with a Lower Temporal Arcade. Naturwissenschaften 95: 663-669.

Sato, T. and Wu, X.-c. (2008). A New Jurassic Pliosaur from Melville Island, Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 45: 303-320.

Wu, X.-c. and Sun, A-l. (2008). Archosauromorpha. pp 167-182 In Li, J.-l., Wu, X.-c., and Zhang, F.-c. (eds), The Chinese Fossil Reptilians and Their Kins. Science Press, Beijing, 474 pp.

Cheng, Y.-N., Wu, X.-c. and Sato, T. (2007). A New Thalattosaurian (Reptilia: Diapsida) from the Upper Triassic of Guizhou, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 45: 246-260.

Wu, X.-c., Brinkman, D. B., Eberth, D. and Braman, D. (2007). A New Ceratopsian Dinosaur (Ornithischia) from the Uppermost Horseshoe Canyon Formation (Upper Maastrichtian), Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 44: 1243-1265.

Cheng, Y.-N., Sato, T. and Wu, X.-c. (2006). A Pistosaur-Like Marine Reptile from the Middle Triassic of China. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 26(2): 501-504.

Li, C., Wu, X.-c., et al. (2006). An Unusual Archosaur from the Marine Triassic of China. Naturwissenschaften 93(4): 200-206.

Sato, T. and Wu, X.-c. (2006). Review of Plesiosaurians (Reptilia: Sauropterygia) from the Upper Cretaceous Horseshoe Canyon Formation in Alberta, Canada. Paludicola 5: 150-169.

Sato, T., Cheng, Y.-n., Wu, X.-c, Zelenitsky, D.K., and Hsiao, Y.-f. (2005). A Pair of Shelled Eggs in a Female Dinosaur. Science 308: 375.

Cheng, Y.-n. Wu, X.-c. and Ji, Q. (2004). Triassic Marine Reptiles Gave Birth to Live Young. Nature 432: 383-386.

Sato, T., Li, C., and Wu, X.-c. (2003). Restudy of Bishanopliosaurus youngi Dong 1980, a Freshwater Plesiosaurian from the Jurassic of Chongqing, China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 41: 33-47.

Wu, X.-c. 2003. Functional Morphology of the Temporal Region in the Rhynchocephalia. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 40: 589-607.

Wu, X.-c., Li. Z., Zhou, B.-c. and Dong, Z.-m. (2003). A Polydactylous Aminote from the Triassic Period. Nature 426: 516.

Xu, X., Norrel, N., Wang, X.-L., Makovikey, P.J., and Wu, X.-c. (2002). A Basal Troodontid from the Early Cretaceous of China. Nature 415: 780-784.

Liu, J, Wu, X.-c. and Li, J.-l. (2001). The First Reptile from the Tongchuan Formation and its Stratigraphical Significance. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 39: 67-71.

Wu, X.-c., Brinkman, D.B. and Fox, R.C. (2001). A New Eusuchian Crocodyliform (Archosauria) from the Basal Paleocene of Red Deer Rover Valley, Southern Alberta. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 38: 1689-1704.

Wu, X.-c., Cheng, Z.-w. and Russell, A.P. (2001). Cranial Anatomy of a New Crocodyliform of "Mesosuchian Grade" (Archosauria: Crocodylomorpha) from the Lower Cretaceous of Song-Liao Plain, Northeastern China. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 38: 1653-1663.

Wu, X.-c., Liu, J., and Li, J.-L. (2001). The Anatomy of the First Archosauriform (Diapsida) from the Terrestrial Upper Triassic of China. Vertebrata PalAsiatica 39: 153-174.

Wu, X.-c. and Russell, A.P. (2001). Redecoration of Turfanosuchus dabanensis (Archosauriformes) and New Information on its Phylogenetic Relationships. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 21: 40-50.

Wu, X.-c., Russell, A.P. and Brinkman, D.B. (2001). A Review of Leidyosuchus canadensis Lambe, 1907 (Archosauria: Crocodylia) and an Assessment of Cranial Variation based upon New Material. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 38: 1665-1687.

Wu, X.-c., Russell, A.P. and Cumbaa, S.L. (2001). Terminonaris (Archosauria: Crocodyliformes): New Material from Saskatchewan, Canada, and Comments on its Phylogenetic Relationships. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 21: 492-514.

Xu, X. and Wu, X.-c. (2001). Cranial Morphology of Sinornithosaurus millenii Xu et al. 1999 (Dinosauria: Theropoda: Dromaeosauridae) from the Yixian Formation of Liaoning, China. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 38: 1739-1752.