Research Scientist, Zoology

André Martel.

Contact Information

Email: amartel@mus-nature.ca
Tel: 613.364.4061
Fax: 613.364.4027

André Martel is one of Canada's leading experts on molluscs, the most diverse group of animals in the ocean.

Specialties

Malacology

The study of molluscs: mussels, clams, scallops, oysters, snails, squids, octopus

  • Larval and post-larval biology and morphology. Reproductive biology. Anatomy and taxonomy of molluscs Modes of larval development, larval biology and larval ecology in molluscs (bivalves and gastropods). Examination of larval shell morphology and morphometry in bivalves and gastropods (prodissoconch, protoconch) and applications in species identification and taxonomy. Larval dispersal, recruitment and zoogeography.
  • Marine bivalves of Canada Special interest in the following families: Mytilidae, Myidae and Hiatellidae. Life history, larval and post-larval morphology and ecology, larval settlement and recruitment.
  • Non-indigenous bivalves in Canada Introduced and invasive bivalves in Canada. Life history and ecological impact of invasive bivalves. Include the Zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha), the Quagga mussel (Dreissena bugensis) and the Asian clam (Corbicula flumine).
  • Freshwater mussels of Canada Superfamily: Unionacea. Conservation biology, larval biology.

Marine Biology

  • Life history and taxonomy of marine molluscs.
  • Coastal biodiversity & conservation in Canada.

Education

  • Ph.D., Zoology, University of Alberta and Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre-BMSC, British Columbia, 1990. [Supervisor: Dr. F.S. Chia; incl. 'Larval Ecology' grad course at Friday Harbor Laboratories-FHL, University of Washington]. Thesis on reproductive biology, larval biology, post-larval (post-metamorphic) dispersal and recruitment in coastal marine molluscs; Barkley Sound, west coast of Vancouver Island, British Columbia.
  • M.Sc., Aquatic Productivity, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Québec, 1985. [Supervisor: Dr. D.H. Larrivée; Co-supervisor: Dr. John Himmelman, GIROQ, Dépt. de biologie, Université Laval]. Thesis on reproductive biology, including histology and spawning behaviour, of the carnivorous gastropod Buccinum undatum (Common whelk) in the Mingan Islands, Northern Gulf of St. Lawrence, Québec.
  • B.Sc., Biology, Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Québec, 1982.
  • D.E.C. Pure and Applied Sciences, CEGEP de Chicoutimi, Québec, 1979.

Profile

André Martel © Canadian Museum of Nature

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Photograph of a cluster of large California mussels, Mytilus californianus, in the mid intertidal zone of an exposed rocky shore, Edward King Island, Barkley Sound, British Columbia. Many of the specimens shown in this picture are 15 to 25 cm shell length, weighing well over 400 g each. In wave-exposed habitats the California mussel co-exists with another native, but smaller mussel, the Pacific blue mussel (syn. foolish mussel), Mytilus trossulus (not visible in this picture), and which is found higher in the intertidal.

André Martel is a malacologist and one of the country's leading experts on molluscs, a group of animals that includes mussels, clams, scallops, oysters, snails, squid and octopus. He is particularly interested in the story told by a mollusc's shell and anatomy, and what the two reveal about the animal's identity, family tree (taxonomy), life history and environment. Currently, André's research focuses on marine mussels found in Canada's Pacific, Atlantic and Arctic oceans. One of his projects includes the study of seashell deposits near the shores of the Gulf of St. Lawrence that were left stranded about 9500 years ago when the climate of Canada's Atlantic coast was rapidly warming. By studying the shells of ancient mussels (and other marine molluscs), André and his colleagues can learn about past ocean temperatures and the change in species that occurred within Canada's marine life as the Atlantic ocean warmed.

André is a member of the Canadian Society of Zoologists, the Institut Québécois de la biodiversité-IQBIO and the American Malacological Society. He taught marine invertebrate biology courses at the Huntsman Marine Science Centre in New Brunswick, and has organized and led the MacMillan Coastal Biodiversity Workshops at the Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre, British Columbia, where he was Assistant Director (1998–2001). He is also a collaborator and contributor to the University of Guelph's Bar Code of Life project and is an avid scuba diver and underwater photographer.

Main Research Project

Professional Services

André Martel © Canadian Museum of Nature

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Post-larvae and early juvenile stages of mytilid mussels (all between 0.3 and 1 mm shell length) collected among the red turf algal community off Prasiola Point, Barkley Sound, near Bamfield, British Columbia. This particular sample showed a predominance of early stages of the native blue mussel, Mytilus trossulus, but also contained some early stages of the California mussel, Mytilus californianus, as well as individuals of the largely unknown Taylor dwarf-mussel, Musculus taylori, a small brooding mytilid commonly found in semi-exposed and exposed rocky shores along the west coast of Vancouver Island.

  • Member, Institut Quebécois de la Biodiversité 2005 to present.
  • Member, Canadian Society of Zoologists 1991-present, Secretary/Treasurer of the EEE section from 1996-1998, Council Member 2000-2004.
  • Member, American Malacological Society 1994 to present.
  • Adjunct Professor (2006-2009), Département des sciences biologiques, Université de Montréal.
  • Founding member (2006) of the Comparative Morphology and Development section of the Canadian Society of Zoologists, under the leadership of Dr. Rich Palmer, University of Alberta, and other morphologists across Canada.
  • Member (1995-2006) of the Mollusca Species Specialist Subcommittee for the Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada (COSEWIC); national overviewer.
  • Assistant Director (1998-2001), Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre (formerly Bamfield Marine Station), Western Canadian Universities Marine Biological Society, Bamfield, British Columbia, Canada.
  • Organizer (1998-2001) of the MacMillan Coastal Biodiversity Workshops, Bamfield Marine Station, Bamfield, British Columbia, Canada.
  • Co-Instructor (1998-2001), Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre, Bamfield, British Columbia, Canada. Field courses: Marine Biology, Coastal Biodiversity and Conservation.
  • Co-instructor, module on Mollusca, Queens' University Biological Station, Lake Opinicon, Ontario.
  • Sessional Instructor (1994-1997) at the Huntsman Marine Sciences Centre (Bay of Fundy. St. Andrews, New Brunswick) and Carleton University. Field courses: Marine invertebrates of the Bay of Fundy.

Students

André Martel © Canadian Museum of Nature

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Close-up view of the larval (prodissoconch I & II) and early juvenile (dissoconch) shell regions of a recently settled Pacific blue mussel, Mytilus trossulus. This specimen was collected among red turf algae in the intertidal zone of Barkley Sound, British Columbia. Prodossoconch I and II are secreted while the veliger larva develops in the plankton; in contrast, the darker juvenile shell, or dissoconch, is secreted immediately after the larva has settled and metamorphosed on the bottom. This general morphology and terminology basically applies to the early life history or post-larval stage of all marine bivalves with planktotrophic larval development.

Current graduate students

  • 2009 to present. Daniel Munro. Ph.D. candidate. Department of Biology, Université du Québec à Rimouski-UQAR. Thesis: mDNA, metabolism characteristics and longevity in bivalves. Co-supervisors: Dr. Pierre Blier and Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 2008 to present. Nicolas Lecorre. Ph.D. candidate. Department of Biology, Université Laval. Thesis: lLarval dispersal, settlement, and metapopulations in the blue mussels (Mytilus edulis and M. trossulus) along the Gaspé Peninsula. Co-supervisors: Dr. Ladd Johnson, Dr. François Guichard. Dr. André L. Martel as Advisory Committee Member, and scientific collaborator.
  • 2009 to present. Philippe St-Onge. Ph.D. candidate. Department of Biology, Université du Québec à Rimouski-UQAR. Thesis: Connectivity, larval dispersal, and recruitment in the Soft-Shelled Clam, Mya arenaria, in the Gulf of St. Lawrence. Dr. Réjean Tremblay, Dr. Jean-Marie Sévigny, André L. Martel as Advisory Committee Member, and scientific collaborator.

Previous students

Below are graduate and undergraduate students I have supervised, co-supervised or trained in my laboratory in the past. A number of the projects listed below were part of Honours theses and have led to peer-refereed publications (see list of publications for details).

  • 2010-2013. Kara Layton. MSc. Thesis. Department of Zoology, University of Guelph. Thesis: Barcoding Canada marine molluscs. Supervisor: Dr. Paul Hebert. Martel as external committee member.
  • 2006 to 2007. Véronic Pichard. Honours Thesis. Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Thesis: Species composition, distribution and abundance of unionid mussels in the Raisin River drainage basin, eastern Ontario. Co-supervisors: Dr. Frances Pick and Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 2005 to 2007. Frédéric Cyr. M.Sc. Thesis. Department of Biological Sciences, Université de Montréal. Thesis: Genetics, cryptic species and taxonomy in freshwater mussels of the genus Pyganodon in Eastern North America. Co-supervisors: Dr. Bernard Angers and Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 2002 to 2005. Audrey Beaudet. M.Sc Thesis. Department of Biology, Université du Québec à Rimouski-UQAR. Thesis : Dynamique des populations de moules d'eau douce de deux rivières côtières de l'Est du Nouveau-Brunswick. Co-supervisors: Dr. Richard Cloutier and Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 2003 to 2004. Olivier Marois. Honours Thesis. Department of Biology, University of Ottawa. Thesis: Larval shell morphology and morphometry of glochidia of freshwater mussels of the genus Pyganodon and Anodonta. Co-supervisors: Dr. Scott Findlay and Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 2000 to 2001. Audrey Beaudet. Honours Thesis. Department of Biology, Université du Québec à Rimouski-UQAR. Thesis : Moules d'eau douce (Unionacea) dans les trois rivières du Parc national Kouchibouguac, N.B. Co-supervisors: Dr. Richard Cloutier and Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 2000 to 2001. Jean-Sébastien Lauzon-Guay. Honours Thesis. Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre and Department of Biological Sciences, Université du Québec à Montréal. Thesis. Host fish and glochidia distribution of the unionid mussel Anodonta kennerlyi in lakes of Vancouver Island. Supervisor: Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 1998 to 1999. Robert Akester. Honours Thesis. Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre and Department of Biology, University of Victoria. Thesis. Shell morphology and wave exposure in the Pacific blue mussel (Mytilus trossulus). Supervisor: Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 1997 to 1998. Daniel Spooner. Honours Thesis (3rd year), Department of Environmental Science, Carleton University. Thesis: Ecology of native freshwater mussels (Unionidae) in the Mississippi River, eastern Ontario. Supervisor: Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 1995 to 1996. Brent Campbell. Honours Thesis (3rd year), Department of Biology, Sir Wilfrid Laurier University. Thesis: Diversity and abundance of native freshwater mussels (Unionidae) at Dalhousie Lake, Eastern Ontario. Co-supervisors: Dr. Sherrene Kevan and Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 1994 to 1995. Julie Vinette. Honours Thesis. Department of Biology, University of Ottawa. Thesis: Demography of the exotic zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) in the Rideau River. Co-supervisors: Dr. S. Findlay and Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 1993 to 1994. Andréa Mattieu. Honours Thesis. Department of Biology, University of Ottawa. Thesis: Settlement of veligers of the zebra mussel in eastern Lake Erie. Co-supervisors: Dr. Scott Findlay and Dr. André L. Martel.
  • 1992 to 1993. Teresa Hynes. Honours Thesis & NSERC Summer student. Department of Biology, St-Francis Xavier University. Thesis: Larval morphometry and size at metamorphosis in zebra mussels. Co-supervisors: Dr. John Buckland-Nicks and Dr. André L. Martel.

(For publications stemming out from the above student projects and theses, see the publications list below).

Publications

Theses

Martel, A. (fall 1990). Ph.D. dissertation. Recruitment, post-metamorphic drifting and reproductive ecology in the herbivorous gastropod Lacuna spp. within kelp canopies and intertidal seaweed communities. University of Alberta, Department of Zoology. Also Bamfield Marine Station, Bamfield, British Columbia, Canada, 329 pp. Supervisor: Dr. F.S. Chia. Field course at Friday Harbor Marine Laboratories, University of Washington (Larval Ecology).

Martel, A. (spring 1985). M.Sc. dissertation. Cycle et comportement de reproduction du néogastéropode Buccinum undatum L. dans le golfe Saint-Laurent. Thèse de Maîtrise. Université du Québec à Chicoutimi, Québec, 89 pp. Supervisor: Dr. D.H. Larrivée; Co-supervisor: Dr. J.H. Himmelman (Université Laval-GIROQ). Field work: Archipel de Mingan, Gulf of St. Lawrence, Québec.

Mollusc-related publications focusing on two primary research fields in malacology

(i) Comparative larval & post-larval shell morphology, larval and post-larval biology, modes of development, reproduction

Martel, A.L. and Lauzon-Guay, J.-S. (2005). Distribution and density of glochidia of the freshwater mussel Anodonta kennerlyi on fish hosts in lakes of the temperate rain forest of Vancouver Island. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83: 419-431.

Zardus, J.D. and Martel, A.L. (2002). Phylum Mollusca: Bivalvia, Chapter XV. pp. 289-325 In Young, C.M. (ed.), Atlas of Marine Invertebrate Larvae. Academic Press, London, UK.

Martel, A.L., Baldwin, B.S., Dermott, R.M. and Lutz, R.A. (2001). Species and epilimnion / hypolimnion-related differences in size at larval settlement and metamorphosis in Dreissena (Bivalvia). Limnology and Oceanography 46: 707-713.

Martel, A.L., Auffrey, L.M., Robles, C. and Honda, B.M. (2000). Identification of settling and early postlarval stages of mussels (Mytilus spp.) from the Pacific coast of North America, using prodissoconch morphology and genomic DNA. Marine Biology 137: 811-818.

Akester, R.J. and Martel, A.L. (2000). Shell shape, dysodont tooth morphology, and hinge-ligament thickness in the bay mussel Mytilus trossulus correlate with wave exposure. Canadian Journal Zoology 78: 240-253.

Martel, A., Robles, C., Bechenbach, K. and Smith, M.J. (1999). Distinguishing early juveniles of eastern Pacific mussels (Mytilus spp.) using morphology and genomic DNA. Invertebrate Biology 118: 149-164.

Claxton, T., Martel, A., Dermott, R.M. and Boulding, E.G. (1997). Discrimination of field-collected juveniles of two introduced dreissenids molluscs using mDNA and shell morphology. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 546: 1280-1288.

Martel, A., Hynes, T.M. and Buckland-Nicks, J. (1995). Prodissoconch morphology, planktonic shell growth and size at metamorphosis in Dreissena polymorpha. Canadian Journal of Zoology 73: 1835-1844.

Martel, A. (1995). Demography and shell growth of Dreissena polymorpha in the Rideau River (Ontario), with notes on native molluscs. Canadian Journal of Zoology 73: 2244-2250.

Martel, A., Mathieu, A.F., Findlay, C.S., Nepszy, S.J. and Leach, J.H. (1994). Daily settlement rates in zebra mussels correlate with abundance of veligers. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51: 856-861.

Martel, A. (1993). Dispersal and recruitment of zebra mussels (Dreissena polymorpha) in a near-shore area in west-central Lake Erie: the significance of post-metamorphic drifting. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50: 3-12.

Martel, A. and Diefenbach, T. (1993). Effects of body size, water current and microhabitat on mucous-thread drifting in post-metamorphic gastropods Lacuna spp. Marine Ecology Progress Series 99: 215-220.

Martel, A. (1992). Collector for veliger and drifting post-metamorphic zebra mussels. pp. 28-30 In Marsden, J. E. Standard protocols for monitoring sampling and zebra mussels. Illinois Natural History Survey, Biological Notes 138: 1-38.

Martel, A. (1992). Scouring pad collectors for zebra mussels. In Moore, S.G. (ed.). Dreissena polymorpha information review 3 (1). New York Zebra Mussel Information Clearinghouse. New York Sea Grant Extension, SUNY College, Brockport, N.Y.

Martel, A., and Chia, F.S. (1991). Foot-raising behaviour and active participation during the initial phase of post-metamorphic drifting in the gastropod Lacuna spp. Marine Ecology Progress Series 72: 247-254.

Martel, A., and Chia, F.S. (1991). Drifting and dispersal of small bivalves and gastropods with direct development. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 150: 131-147.

Martel, A., and Chia, F.S. (1991). Oviposition, larval abundance, in situ larval growth and recruitment of the herbivorous gastropod Lacuna spp. in kelp canopies in Barkley Sound, Vancouver Island. Marine Biology 110: 237-247.

Martel, A., Larrivée, D.H. and Himmelman, J.H. (1986). Behaviour and timing of copulation and egg-laying in the neogastropod Buccinum undatum. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 96: 27-42.

Martel, A., Larrivée, D.H., Klein, K.R. and Himmelman, J.H. (1986). Reproductive cycle and feeding activity of the neogastropod Buccinum undatum. Marine Biology 92: 211-221.

Boivin, Y., Harvey, C., and Martel, A. (1985). Données écologiques sur le buccin Buccinum undatum L., pour la Gaspésie, Québec. Rapport technique. Département des Pêches et des Océans, Rimouski, Québec. 127 pp.

(ii) Freshwater mussel biology and conservation

Isabelle Picard, I., Desroches, J.-F., Schueler, F.W., Martel, A.L. (2009). Modern records of the pink heelsplitter mussel, Potamilus alatus (Say, 1817), in the Ottawa River drainage, Québec and Ontario, Canada. Northeastern Naturalist 163(3): 355-364.

Cyr, F., Paquet, A, Martel, A.L. and Angers, B. (2007). Cryptic lineages and hybridization in freshwater mussel of the genus Pyganodon (Unionidae) in Northeastern North America. Canadian Journal of Zoology 85: 1216-1227.

McAlpine, D. F., Maillet, R. H., Albert, A.J., Crossman, L.M., Smith, R.R. and Martel, A.L. (2007). A freshwater hydrobiid, cf. the Squat Duskysnail, Lyogyrus granum (Mollusca), widespread in the Hampton Marsh, New Brunswick. The Canadian Field-Naturalist 121(1): 92-94.

Renaud, C.B., Martel, A.L., Kaiser, K.L.E., and Comba, M.E. (2004). A comparison of organochlorine contaminant levels in the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha: versus its unionid attachement, Elliptio complanata, in the Rideau River, Ontario. Water Quality Research Journal of Canada 39: 83-92.

Beaudet, A., Tremblay, E., and Martel, A.L. (2002). Inventaire des moules d'eau douce dans les rivières Kouchibouguac, Kouchibouguacis et Black du Parc national Kouchibouguac, Nouveau-Brunswick. Parc Canada. Rapport de surveillance et de données relatives aux écosystèmes. Rapport 006.

Martel, A.L., Pathy, D.A., Madill, J.B., Renaud, C.B., Dean, S.L. and Kerr, S.J. (2001). Decline and regional extirpation of freshwater mussels (Unionidae) in a small river system invaded by Dreissena polymorpha: the Rideau River, 1993-2000. Canadian Journal of Zoology 79: 2181-2191.

Scientific technical reports, including COSEWIC Status reports

COSEWIC. (2009). COSEWIC assessment and status report on the Brook Floater Alasmidonta varicosa in Canada. Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada. vii + 79 pp. (www.sararegistry.gc.ca/status/status_e.cfm).

Madill, J.B., McClelland, C., and Martel, A.L. (2006). Native Freshwater Mussels (Unionidae) and the Gatineau Tadpole Snail (Physidae) at Lac Philippe, Gatineau Park (Québec): Distribution and Abundance (2005). Technical Report for the National Capital Commission (NCC). July 2006. 44 pp.

Martel, A.L., Madill, J.B., Ponomarenko, D.S., Deguise, I. and Van Lankveld, N.T. (2006). Native Freshwater Mussels (Unionidae) and the Gatineau Tadpole Snail (Physidae) at Lac La Pêche, Gatineau Park (Québec): Distribution and Abundance (2003-2004). Technical Report for the National Capital Commission (NCC). June 2006. 45 pp.

Other scientific publications

Schueler, F.W. and Martel, A.L. (2009). Mortality of native freshwater mussels associated with increased populations of Dreissena polymorpha, 15-18 years after its introduction to the upper Rideau River, Ontario, Canada. Tentacle-IUCN Newsletter, Species Survival Commission, Mollusc Specialist Group 17: 27-28.

Martel, A.L., Gagnon, J.-M., Gosselin, M., Paquet, A. and Picard, I. (2007). Liste des noms français révisés et des noms latins et anglais à jour des mulettes du Canada (Bivalvia; Familles : Margaritiféridés, Unionidés). Naturaliste Canadien 131(2): 79-84.

Martel, A.L. (2007). The wonderful life of Ottawa River mussels. Shorelines: Newsletter of the Old Fort Williams Cottagers' Association July 2007: 13.

Martel, A.L. (2007). A career in malacology at a natural history museum. Bulletin of the Canadian Society of Zoology 38(3): 19-24.

Martel, A.L. and McAlpine, D.F. (2007). Assessing the conservation status of the eastern pearlshell, Margaritifera margaritifera (Linneus, 1758), in Canada: the need to examine recruitment success among rivers. Tentacle-IUCN Newsletter, Species Survival Commission, Mollusc Specialist Group 15: 18-19.

Martel, A.L. (2006). Freshwater mussel fauna of the Ottawa River. p 24 In Ottawa Riverkeeper's River Report : Issue No 1. Ecology and Impacts. May 2006.

Martel, A.L. (2006). Zebra mussels – invasive species in the watershed. p. 65 In Ottawa Riverkeeper's River Report : Issue No 1. Ecology and Impacts. May 2006.

Martel, A.L. (2006). The happy life of a freshwater mussel. Fitzroy Provincial Park. Ontario Parks. Spring 2006.

Martel, A.L. (2006). La Mulette-perlière de l'Est (Margaritifera margaritifera). Le moulin à paroles. Bulletin de liaison du Comité de bassin versant de la rivière Kamouraska-COBAKAM 3: 3 and 8.

Martel, A.L. (2006). The wonderful life of Ottawa River Mussels. Ottawa River Keeper web site. http://ottawariverkeeper.ca/river/the_wonderful_life_of_ottawa_river_mussels (accessed December 16, 2009).

Martel, A.L., Picard, I., Binnie, N., Sawchuk, B., Madill, J.B. and Schueler, F. (2006). The rare olive hickorynut mussel, Obovaria olivaria, in the Ottawa River, Eastern Canada. Tentacle-IUCN Newsletter, Species Survival Commission, Mollusc Specialist Group 14: 31-32.

Martel, A.L. and Madill, J.B. (2006). Seasonality and surveys of the Gatineau tadpole snail, Physa gyrina latchfordi (Physidae) in Gatineau Park, Québec, Canada. Tentacle-IUCN Newsletter, Species Survival Commission, Mollusc Specialist Group 14: 14-15.

Martel, A.L. Madill, J.B. and Schueler, F. (2006). Apparent refugia of native freshwater mussels in the upper Rideau River threatened by increased Dreissena 15 years after its introduction. Tentacle-IUCN Newsletter, Species Survival Commission, Mollusc Specialist Group 14: 32-33.

Martel, A.L. and Picard, I. (2005). The hickorynut mussel, Obovaria olivaria, a deepwater unionid under scrutiny in Canadian rivers. Tentacle-IUCN Newsletter, Species Survival Commission, Mollusc Specialist Group 13: 2-3.

Martel, A.L. and Madill, J.B. (2005). The Gatineau tadpole snail, Physa gyrina latchfordi, in Meech Lake, Gatineau Park (Québec): a larger population than originally thought. Tentacle-IUCN Newsletter, Species Survival Commission, Mollusc Specialist Group 13: 3.

Martel, A.L. and Madill, J.B. (2005). Freshwater mussels in Gatineau Park lakes, Southwestern Quebec : monitoring for the future. The EMAN Monitor 3(1): 2.

Madill, J.B., and Martel, A.L. (2005). Good news about the Gatineau tadpole snail. The EMAN Monitor 3(1): 12.

Martel, A.L. (2002). Native unionid mussels in small river systems not spared of negative impacts of zebra mussel introduction in Canada. Tentacle-IUCN Newsletter, Species Survival Commission, Mollusc Specialist Group 10: 10-11.

Invited book reviews

Martel, A. (1992). Book review of Wilson, E O. (1992). The Diversity of Life. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 424 pp. Global Biodiversity 3(3): 42.

Martel, A. (1995). Book review of Gubbay, S. (ed.) (1995). Marine Protected Areas: Principles and techniques for management. Chapman & Hall, London, UK. 232 pp. Global Biodiversity 6(3): 41.

Martel, A.L. (1997). Book review of Bourget, E. (1997). Les animaux littoraux du Saint-Laurent — Guide d'identification. Les Presses de l'Université Laval, Québec, 268 pp. EcoScience.